An Analysis on EFL Learners’ Perspectives of Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic

  • Siti Maysuroh Universitas Hamzanwadi, Inodenisa
  • Laila Wati Universitas Hamzanwadi, Inodenisa
  • Astrid Dwimaulani Universitas Hamzanwadi, Inodenisa
  • Nurul Yusri Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Ibnu Sina, Indonesia
  • Siti Zurriyatun Sholihah Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia


The aim of this research is to investigate EFL students’ perspectives on the utilization of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey method was applied. This research involves 40 students of the second, fourth, and sixth semesters of the English Study Program of a private University in Hamzanwadi for the academic year 2020-2021 as the participants. To collect the data, a questionnaire was administered via Google Forms. The data collected were then analyzed using a percentage formula. The results of the study indicate that most of the students believe that online learning has not provided a better experience dan results in improving their competencies. However, they agreed that it provides ease in their learning. In addition, based on the result of questionnaires, more than 50% of the students prefer direct-classroom learning to online learning and only resettled with online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. In a nutshell, despite the COVID-19 pandemic, students still choose direct classroom learning.



Alawamleh, M., Al-Twait, L. M., & Al-Saht, G. R. (2022). The effect of online learning on communication between instructors and students during Covid-19 pandemic. Asian Education and Development Studies, 11(2), 380–400.

Allen, J., Rowan, L., & Singh, P. (2020). Teaching and teacher education in the time of COVID-19. In Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education (Vol. 48, Issue 3, pp. 233–236). Routledge.

Budi Hermanto, Y., & Srimulyani, V. A. (2021). The Challenges of Online Learning During the Covid-19 Pandemic. 54, 46–57.

Coman, C., Țîru, L. G., Meseșan-Schmitz, L., Stanciu, C., & Bularca, M. C. (2020a). Online teaching and learning in higher education during the coronavirus pandemic: Students’ perspective. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(24), 1–22.

Coman, C., Țîru, L. G., Meseșan-Schmitz, L., Stanciu, C., & Bularca, M. C. (2020b). Online teaching and learning in higher education during the coronavirus pandemic: Students’ perspective. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(24), 1–22.

Godber, K. A., & Atkins, D. R. (2021). COVID-19 Impacts on Teaching and Learning: A Collaborative Autoethnography by Two Higher Education Lecturers. Frontiers in Education, 6.

Hamid, R., Sentryo, I., & Hasan, S. (2020). Online learning and its problems in the Covid-19 emergency period. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 8(1), 86–95.

Haryanto, E. (n.d.). Emergency Education Policy: EFL Undergraduate Students’ Views on Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic. In IRJE |Indonesian Research Journal in Education| |Vol.

Hodges, C., Moore, S., Lockee, B., Trust, T., & Bond, A. (2020). The Difference Between Emergency Remote Teaching and Online Learning.

Kabilan, M. K., & Annamalai, N. (2022). Online teaching during COVID-19 pandemic: A phenomenological study of university educators’ experiences and challenges. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 74.

Kearsley, G. (2002). Is Online Learning for Everybody? Educational Technology Publications, Inc., Vol. 42, No. 1, 41–44.

Klusmann, B., Trippenzee, M., Fokkens-Bruinsma, M., Sanderman, R., & Schroevers, M. J. (2022). Providing emergency remote teaching: What are teachers’ needs and what could have helped them to deal with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic? Teaching and Teacher Education, 118.

Mulyono, H., Suryoputro, G., & Jamil, S. R. (2021). The application of WhatsApp to support online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Heliyon, 7(8).

Nambiar, D. (2020). The impact of online learning during COVID-19: students’ and teachers’ perspective. Volume 8(Issue 2, April-June, 2020).

Napratilora, M., Lisa, H., & Bangsawan, I. (2020). Using Whatsaap As A Learning Media In Teaching Reading. Prodi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah STAI AuliaurrasyidinTembilahan, 6(2).

Octaberlina, L. R., & Muslimin, A. I. (2020). Efl students perspective towards online learning barriers and alternatives using moodle/google classroom during covid-19 pandemic. International Journal of Higher Education, 9(6), 1–9.

Pratama, H., Azman, M. N. A., Kassymova, G. K., & Duisenbayeva, S. S. (2020). The Trend in Using Online Meeting Applications for Learning During the Period of Pandemic COVID-19: A Literature Review. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 1(2), 58–68.

Rakhmanina, L., Martina, F., Halolo, F. B., Syafryadin, S., & Noermanzah, N. (2021). Students’ Perception on Online English Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic Era. Silampari Bisa: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, Daerah, Dan Asing, 3(2), 428–439.

Sit, J. W. H., Chung, J. W. Y., Chow, M. C. M., & Wong, T. K. S. (2005). Experiences of online learning: Students’ perspective. Nurse Education Today, 25(2), 140–147.

Surat Edaran Mendikbud No 4 Tahun 2020 tentang Pelaksanaan Kebijakan Pendidikan dalam Masa Darurat Penyebaran Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19). (n.d.).

Syauqi, K., Munadi, S., & Triyono, M. B. (2020). Students’ perceptions toward vocational education on online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 9(4), 881–886.

Talimbekas, M. P., & Arifani, Y. (2022). Students Perspective on Online Learning During Covid -19 at Rural Area Thailand. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 10(1), 249–259.

Tanjung, F. Z., & Utomo, A. (2021). INVESTIGATING EFL STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION ON ONLINE LEARNING AMIDST COVID-19 PANDEMIC. IJIET (International Journal of Indonesian Education and Teaching), 5(1), 102–115.
How to Cite
MAYSUROH, Siti et al. An Analysis on EFL Learners’ Perspectives of Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic. Pedagogy : Journal of English Language Teaching, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 2, p. 137-152, dec. 2022. ISSN 2580-1473. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 31 mar. 2023. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.