Speech Acts and Politeness: A Case Study on Indonesian EFL Learners in Teaching and Learning Practice
This research is intended to know the kinds and classification of speech acts and the politeness implication in teaching and learning activities. The subject of this research was the sixth-semester EFL learners of STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung. The object of this research was speech acts used by EFL learners. The researcher used the observation technique combined with noting technique in collecting the data. In this research, the researcher used the qualitative multiple study. The result of the study showed that speech acts used by EFL learners were direct and indirect speech acts. The speech acts were classified into the assertive, commissive, directive, and expressive. The politeness strategy acted by EFL learning included positive and negative politeness. The use of positive politeness creates a closeness among the teacher and the students, creates a pleasant classroom atmosphere, and increases the students’ motivation. Meanwhile, the use of negative politeness reduces amount degree of friendliness among the students and the teacher and creates a formal learning situation. Theoretically, this research has implications for the development of scientific insights about pragmatics, especially speech acts, and practically it gives implication to EFL teachers and students in understanding, analyzing, and interpreting the use of speech acts in communication.
Austin, J. L. (1962). How to Do Things with Words. Oxford University Press.
Basra, S. M., & Thoyyibah, L. (2017). A Speech Act Analysis of Teacher Talk in an EFL Classroom. International Journal of Education, 10(1), 73. https://doi.org/10.17509/ije.v10i1.6848
Brown, G., & Yule, G. (1983). Discourse Analysis (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics). In The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in the Study of Religion (pp. 134–150).
Crystal, D. (2008). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Blackwell Publishing.
Cutting, J. (2002). Pragmatics and Discourse: A Resource Book for Students. Routledge.
Eftanastarini, I. (2016). Analysis of Politeness Strategies in Command Used by Main Characters in Movies Entitled “Facing The Giants”, “Dangerous Minds”, and “The Ron Clark Story.” Pedagogy: Journal of English Language Teaching, 4(2), 147–153. https://doi.org/10.32332/pedagogy.v4i2.385
Hornby, A. S. (1995). Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. Oxford University Press.
Jagadambal, C., & Perumal, K. (2015). STUDENT-TEACHER-RELATIONSHIP. 4(5), 48–52.
Jaszczolt, K. M. (2002). Semantic and Pragmatics. Longman.
Kravchenko, N., & Pasternak, T. (2016). Politeness strategies via speech acts and conversational implicatures. Science and Education: A New Dimension. Philology, IV (25), 105(25), 60–64.
Kreidler, C. W. (2013). Introducing English semantics, second edition. In Introducing English Semantics, Second Edition. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315886428
Kurdghelashvili, T. (2015). Speech Acts and Politeness Strategies in an EFL Classroom in Georgia. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic and Management Engineering, 9(1), 306–309.
Leech, G. (2005). Politeness: Is there an East-West Divide? ①. 6.
Leech, G. N. (1983). Principle of Pragmatics.
Levinson, S. (1983). Pragmatics—Part 1 of 2. Cambridge University Press, 1–9.
Mackey, A., & Gass, S. M. (n.d.). Second Language Research: Methodology and Design. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Maskuri, K. D. S., Tarjana, S., Djatmika, D., & Purnanto, D. (2019). Politeness Strategies in Directive Speech Acts in Local Indonesian Parliament Assembly Proceedings. International Journal of English Linguistics, 9(3), 85. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v9n3p85
Merriam, S. B. (1988). Case Study in Education: A Qualitative Approach. Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers.
Paltridge, B. (2006). Discourse Analysis Paltridge 2006 (p. 117).
Paltridge, B. (2012). Discourse Analysis: An Introduction (Second Edi). Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
Ryabova, M. (2015). Politeness Strategy in Everyday Communication. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 206(November), 90–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.10.033
Suryani, R. W. (2018). Building Positive Teacher Relationships with Students. 3rd International Conference on Education 2018: Teacher in the Digital Age, 263–268.
Sutopo, H. (2006). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif; Dasar teori dan Terapannya dalam Penelitian. Universitas Sebelas Maret.
Yuka, A. (2009). Positive Politeness Strategies in Oral Communication 1 Textbooks. The Economic Journal of Takasaki City University of Economics, 52(1), 59–70.
Yule, G. (1996). 1996_Pragmatics by George Yule.pdf (p. 2).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.