MODEL INTEGRASI SAINS DAN AGAMA DALAM PERSPEKTIF J.F HAUGHT DAN M.GOLSHANI: LANDASAN FILOSOFIS BAGI PENGUATAN PTAI DI INDONESIA

  • Muhammad Thoyib Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Ponorogo

Abstract

 



Tulisan ini menengahkan pemikiran dua tokoh kontemporer yang begitu intens mengkaji model integrasi sains dan agama, yaitu J.F Haught dan M. Golshani.    Hal ini penting dibahas dalam rangka memberikan sumbangan pemikiran untuk membuat tatan hubungan konstruktif antara sains dan agama. Tulisan ini berdasarkan penelitian pustaka. Dari pembahasan diketahui bahwa ketika meninjau model integrasi teologi evolusi (evolution theology) dan sains Islam (Islamic science) terlihat perbedaan yang sangat jelas dimana Haught menerapkan integrasi pada teori evolusi (hanya salah satu jenis sains) sedangkan Golshani mengambil ruang besar Islam sebagai fokus integrasi. Teologi di tangan Haught bersifat sangat adaptif, karena ia berpandangan bahwa teologi adalah bagian dari olah manusiawi yang selalu bergerak. Sehingga ketika teologi bertemu dengan evolusi sains lain maka dimungkinkan adanya perubahan.  Akan tetapi perubahan yang ditawarkan Haught dan Golshani tidak bergeser  dari ajaran substantif nilai-nilai agama. Terlepas dari kontroversi dan perdebatan persoalan integrasi sains dan agama tersebut, pemikiran kedua tokoh tersebut dapat dijadikan sebagai landasan filosofis dan akademis dalam upaya penguatan eksistensi perguruan tinggi Islam (PTAI) di Indonesia, melalui: upaya pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan agama secara integrative-subtantif di PTAI Indonesia yang seyogyanya sejak awal sudah dilandasi oleh nilai-nilai agama, sehingga agama akan menjadi ruh bagi konstruksi ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi yang akan digali maupun dikembangkan oleh PTAI di Indonesia.

To understand integration model of science and religion in detail, the research will be done by taking a part of John F. Haught and Mehdi Golshani view about: religion responds towards science, the basis of integration, and the model of integration. Haugth and Golshani respectively have given an enlightenment to make the integration of science and religion possible. On the integration model offered, Haught focuses more on the particular dimension of integration (related to certain scientific theory (theory of evolution) and certain religious dimensions (theology), where Golshani focuses more on the wider dimension of integration (related to science and religion in a wider meaning). Thus, the integration is an embodiment of the union between religion and science based on the perspective and inspired by the religious dimension. Based on the model offered, we can take values how to implement its balancely for empowering the existence of Islamic Higher Education (PTAI) in Indonesia for facing technology development in this globalization era, without forgetting its role as Islamic institution that has commitment to develop Islamic values in the civilization of the world.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Azra, Azyumardi. Pendidikan Islam, Tradisi dan Modernitas Menuju Milenium Baru. Jakarta:Logos. 2000.
Bagir, Zainal Abidin. “Bagaimana „Mengintegrasikan‟ Ilmu dan Agama?.”
Dalam. Integrasi Ilmu dan Agama. Bangung: Mizan. 2005.
Bagir, Zainal Abidin.“Islam, Science and „Islamic Science‟: How to „Integrate‟ Science and Religion.” In Science and Religion in Post-Colonial World. Australia: ATF Press. 2005.
Barbour, Ian G. Religion and Science. New York: Harper SanFrancisco. 1990. Barbour, Ian G. When Science Meets Religion. New York: Harper SanFrancisco. 2000.
Dawkins, Richard. “Is Science a Religion?” Published in The Humanist on line, January/February, Accesed on December 6th 2004.
Dawkins, Richard. “The Thinking Underlying the New „Scientific‟ Worldviews”. Dalam Russel, Robert John et al.eds., Evolutionary and Molecular Biology. USA: The University of Notre Dame Press. 1996.
Golshani, Mehdi. “Comment on A Religiously Partisan Science? Islamic and Christian Perspectives.” In Theology and Science. Vol. 3. No.1. 1005.
Golshani, Mehdi. “Sacred Science vs Islamic Science.” In Zainal Abidin Bagir, ed.
Science and Religion in a Post-colocial World. Australia: ATF Press. 2005.
Golshani, Mehdi. From Physics to Metaphysics. Iran: Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies Publication. 2003.
Golshani, Mehdi. Issues in Islam and Science. Tehran: Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies (IHCS). 2004.
Golshani, Mehdi. The Holy Quran and The Science of Nature. New York: Global Scholarly Publication. 2003.
Haught, John F. “Seeing the Universe: Ian Barbour and Teilhard de Chardin.” In Russel, Robert John ed. Fifty Years in Science and Religion. England: Asghate. 2004.
Haught, John F. Deeper Than Darwin: The Prospect for Religion in the Age of Evolution. USA: Westview Press. 2003.
Haught, John F. God after Darwin A Theology of Evolution. USA: Westview Press.2000.
Haught, John F. Science and Religion: In Search of Cosmic Purpose . New York: Paulist Press. 1995.
Haught, John F. Science and Religion: From Conflict to Conversation. New York: Paulist Press. 2000.
Haught, John F. The Cosmic Adventure: Science, Religion and the Quest for Purpose. New York/Ramsey: Paulist Press. 1984.
Rahman, Fazlur. Islam and Modernity. New York: Chicago Press. 1996
Stenmark, Mikael. “A Religiously Partisan Science? Islamic and Christian Perspectives.” In Theology and Science. Vol. 3. Number 1 Maret 2005.
Swinburne, Richard. Is There a God?. Oxford New York: Oxford University. 1996.
W. Mark Richardson, Slack, Gordy ed. Faith in Science: Scientists Search for Truth. New York: Routledge. 2001.
Wyjkstra, Stephen J. “Should Worldviews Shape Science? Toward an Integrationist Account of Scientific Theorizing.” In Van Der Meer, Jitse
M. ed. Facets of Faith and Science. USA: University Press of America. 1996.
Zuhdi, Imam. Perguruan Tinggi Islam di Indonesia: dari Realitas ke Idealitas. Surabaya: Bintang Pustaka. 2006.
Published
2013-03-26
How to Cite
THOYIB, Muhammad. MODEL INTEGRASI SAINS DAN AGAMA DALAM PERSPEKTIF J.F HAUGHT DAN M.GOLSHANI: LANDASAN FILOSOFIS BAGI PENGUATAN PTAI DI INDONESIA. AKADEMIKA: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 1, p. 1-28, mar. 2013. ISSN 2356-2420. Available at: <https://e-journal.metrouniv.ac.id/index.php/akademika/article/view/387>. Date accessed: 21 sep. 2021.